The effects of climate change on photovoltaic solar production in hot regions
More details
Hide details
University of Kufa, Faculty of Engineering.
University of Thi-Qar, Faculty of Engineering.
Maher A.R. Sadiq Al-Baghdadi   

University of Kufa, Faculty of Engineering.
Submission date: 2022-04-09
Final revision date: 2022-06-18
Acceptance date: 2022-07-21
Online publication date: 2022-08-31
Publication date: 2022-08-31
Diagnostyka 2022;23(3):2022303
The work of solar cells and their production of electrical energy have been affected by climate change, especially in hot regions which became significantly hotter and still receive relatively high levels of solar radiation throughout the year. Higher ambient temperature and solar radiation result in higher PV cell temperature and, therefore, the reduction in PV module power output and efficiency. This study investigates how a PV module performs throughout the year in a hot region by considering the variations in cell temperature resulting from changes in ambient temperature and solar radiation every day. The tilt angles and two-axis tracking have also been examined. Results indicate that the two-axis solar tracking system is critical to use in hot regions for obtaining higher output power. Therefore, part of this power can be used to cool solar panels using various methods to keep their efficiency high, such as operating air fans or operating pumps to cool them with coolant.
Global Temperature Anomalies from 1880 to 2021. NASA’s Earth science missions.
The Effects of Climate Change. NASA’s Earth science missions. Global climate change.
Subhash Chander, Purohit A., Anshu Sharma, Nehra SP, Dhaka MS. Impact of temperature on performance of series and parallel connected mono-crystalline silicon solar cells. Energy Reports. 2015;1:175-180.
Fahad Gallab Al-Amri, Tasneem Isam Mohammed Abdelmagid. Analytical model for the prediction of solar cell temperature for a high-concentration photovoltaic system. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering. 2021;25:100890.
Saurabh Kumar Rajput, Dharmendra Kumar Dheer. Mathematical modelling and experimental validation for impact of high solar cell temperature on transformer loading and life. Renewable Energy Focus. 2021;39:27-36.
Koffi HA, Kakane VCK, Kuditcher A, Hughes AF, Adeleye MB, Amuzu JKA. Seasonal variations in the operating temperature of silicon solar panels in southern Ghana. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development. 2015;7(6):485-490.
Suman, Preetika Sharma, Parveen Goyal.Analysing the effects of solar insolation and temperature on PV cell characteristics. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2021;45(6):5539-5543.
Barukčić M, Ćorluka V, Miklošević K. The irradiance and temperature dependent mathematical model for estimation of photovoltaic panel performances. Energy Conversion and Management. 2015;101:229-238.
Subhash Chander, A. Purohit, Anshu Sharma, Arvind, Nehra SP, Dhaka MS. A study on photovoltaic parameters of mono-crystalline silicon solar cell with cell temperature. Energy Reports. 2015;1:104-109.
Benghanem M, Al-Mashraqi AA, Daffallah KO. Performance of solar cells using thermoelectric module in hot sites. Renewable Energy.2016;89:51-59.
Gonzalez-Diaz VR, Romero-Camacho S, Ambrosio-Lazaro RC, Mino-Aguilar G, Bonizzoni E, Maloberti F. A behavioral model for solar cells with transient irradiation and temperature assessment. IEEE. 2019; 7: 90882-90890.
O'Kane SEJ, Richardson G, Pockett A, Niemann RG, Cave JM, Sakai N, Eperon GE, Snaith HJ, Foster JM, Cameron PJ, Walker AB. Measurement and modeling of dark current decay transients in perovskite solar cells. J. Mater. Chem. C. 2017;5: 452–462.
Burnett D, Barbour E, Harrison GP. The UK solar energy resource and the impact of climate change. Renew. Energ. 2014;71:333–343.
Panagea IS, Tsanis IK, Koutroulis AG, Grillakis MG. Climate change impact on photovoltaic energy output: the case of Greece. Adv. Meteorol. 2014: 264506.
Sonia Jerez, Isabelle Tobin, Robert Vautard, Juan Pedro Monta´vez, Jose Marı´a Lo´pez-Romero, Franc¸oise Thais, Blanka Bartok, Ole Bøssing Christensen, Augustin Colette, Michel De´que, Grigory Nikulin, Sven Kotlarski, Erik van Meijgaard, Claas Teichmann & Martin Wild. The impact of climate change on photovoltaic power generation in Europe. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS 2015,
Pasicko R, Brankovic C, Simic Z. Assessment of climate change impacts on energy generation from renewable sources in Croatia. Renew. Energ. 46, 224–231 (2012).
Bodnár, István, Dávid Matusz-Kalász, and Dániel Koós. Experimental and numerical analysis of solar cell temperature transients. Pollack Periodica. 2021;16(2):104-109.
Tammam Salim Naji Aswad, Maher AR Sadiq Al-Baghdadi, Muhannad Al-Waily, Mohd Azahari Bin Razali. Performance enhancement of a photovoltaic cell working in hot environment conditions using Al2O3 nanofluids: A CFD study. International Journal of Nanoelectronics and Materialsthis. 2021;14(4): 317–328.
Anh Huy Tuan Le, Rabin Basnet, Di Yan, Wenhao Chen, Naomi Nandakumar, Shubham Duttagupta, Johannes P. Seif, Ziv Hameiri. Temperature-dependent performance of silicon solar cells with polysilicon passivating contacts. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 2021;225:111020.
The Global Solar Atlas, World Bank Group, 2021.
The weather station at Al Najaf International Airport, 2021.
Duffie JA, Beckman WA. Solar engineering of thermal processes. 2nd edition, Wiley, New York, NY.
Zakariah, A., Faramarzi, M., Jamian, J.J. and Md Yunus, M.A. 2015. Medium size dual-axis solar tracking system with sunlight intensity comparison method and fuzzy logic implementation. Journal Teknologi. 1991;77(17):145-157.
Chien-Hsing Wu, Hui-Chiao Wang, Horng-Yi Chang. Dual-axis solar tracker with satellite compass and inclinometer for automatic positioning and tracking. Energy for Sustainable Development. 2022;66: 308-318.
Rosa F Fuentes-Morales, Arturo Diaz-Ponce, Manuel I Peña-Cruz, Pedro M Rodrigo, Luis M Valentín-Coronado, Fernando Martell-Chavez, Carlos A Pineda-Arellano. Control algorithms applied to active solar tracking systems: A review. Solar Energy. 2020;212:203-219.
Chaowanan Jamroen, Chanon Fongkerd, Wipa Krongpha, Preecha Komkum, Alongkorn Pirayawaraporn, Nachaya Chindakham. A novel UV sensor-based dual-axis solar tracking system: Implementation and performance analysis. Applied Energy. 2021;299:117295.