PL EN
The stress analysis effect on structural health monitoring in functionally graded shell
 
More details
Hide details
1
University of Al-Qadisiyah
2
Computer Technical Engineering Department, College of Technical Engineering, The Islamic University, Najaf, Iraq
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Nabel Kadum Abd-Ali   

University of Al-Qadisiyah
Submission date: 2022-04-08
Final revision date: 2022-06-30
Acceptance date: 2022-07-18
Online publication date: 2022-07-21
Publication date: 2022-07-21
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The common damage in engineering structures, especially in functionally graded materials, such as failure resulting from fiber breaking or cracking in the matrix or deboning between fibers and matrix, as well as the delamination between the composite material plies and between its layers, may be due to thermal effects, vibration, load concentration as a result of stress and strain for provides information’s about structural health monitoring. Virtual energy method such as Hamilton's was used to investigate the effect of the design parameters such as side to thickness and modular as well as material graduation index ratio on the stress-strain relationships, displacement, resultants of stresses, and resultants of mid plane strain. The analysis and simulation of the FGM shells is done in this paper utilizing MATLAB19 code and ABAQUS20 programs. The distribution of characteristics across shell thickness had also been determined using a power law. Normal stress was varied gradually from 5.74 MPa to 9.55 MPa with material index (n) from 0 to 10 respectively, while shear stress varied from 4.2 to 8.23 MPa for the same value of (n). The strain percent increased slightly from 0.00059 to 0.0012 with displacement 0.22 and 1.2 respectively for the same value of (n).
 
REFERENCES (34)
1.
Almitani KH. Buckling behaviors of symmetric and antisymmetric functionally graded beams. Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics. 2018;4(2):115-124. https://dx.doi.org/10.22055/ja....
 
2.
Chi SH, Chung YL. Mechanical behavior of functionally graded material plates under transverse load—Part I: Analysis. International Journal of Solids and Structures 2006;43(13)3657-3674.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijso....
 
3.
Khor KA, Gu YW, Dong ZL, Srivatsan TS. Plasma Spraying of Functionally Graded NiCoCrAlY/Yttria Stabilized ZrO2 Coatings Using Composite Powders. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. 1997;18343:89-105.
 
4.
Jin ZH, Paulino GH. Transient thermal stress analysis of an edge crack in a functionally graded material. International Journal of Fracture 2001;107(1):73-98.‏.
 
5.
Chung YL, Chi SH, The residual stress of functionally graded materials. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering. 2001;13:1-9.
 
6.
Woo J. Meguid SA. Nonlinear analysis of functionally graded plates and shallow shells. International Journal of Solids and structures. 2001;38(42-43):7409-7421.‏.
 
7.
Praveen GN, Reddy JN. Nonlinear transient thermoelastic analysis of functionally graded ceramic–metal plates. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 1998;35:4457–4476.
 
8.
He XQ, Ng TY, Sivashanker S, Liew KM. Active control of FGM plates with integrated piezoelectric sensors and actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2001;38:1641–1655. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-....
 
9.
Feldman E, Aboudi J. Buckling analysis of functionally graded plates subjected to uniaxial loading. Composite Structures. 1997;3: 29–36.
 
10.
Ferreira AJM, Batra RC, Roque CMC, Qian LF, Martins PALS. Static analysis of functionally graded plates using third-order shear deformation theory and a meshless method. Composite structures 2005;69(4):449-457.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comp....
 
11.
Roque CM, Ferreira AJ, Neves AM, Fasshauer GE, Soares CM, Jorge RMN. Dynamic analysis of functionally graded plates and shells by radial basis functions. Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures. 2010;17(8):636-652.‏ https://doi.org/10.1080/153764....
 
12.
Karamanli A. Bending behaviour of two directional functionally graded sandwich beams by using a quasi-3d shear deformation theory. Composite structures. 2017;174:70-86.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comp....
 
13.
Vu TV, Nguyen NH, Khosravifard A, Hematiyan MR, Tanaka S, Bui TQ. A simple FSDT-based meshfree method for analysis of functionally graded plates. Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements. 2017; 79:1-12.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enga....
 
14.
Tan P, Nguyen-Thanh N, Rabczuk T, Zhou K. Static, dynamic and buckling analyses of 3D FGM plates and shells via an isogeometric-meshfree coupling approach. Composite Structures. 2018;198:35-50.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comp....
 
15.
Sator L, Sladek V, Sladek J. Bending of FGM plates under thermal load: classical thermoelasticity analysis by a meshless method. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2018;146:176-188.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comp....
 
16.
Reddy JN. Analysis of functionally graded plates, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. 2000;47(1-3):663-684.
 
17.
Alshorbagy AE, Eltaher MA, Mahmoud FF. Free vibration characteristics of a functionally graded beam by finite element method. Applied Mathematical Modelling. 2011;35(1):412-425. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.....
 
18.
Gilewski W, Pełczyński J. Material-oriented shape functions for fgm plate finite element formulation. Materials. 2020;13(3):803.‏ https://doi.org/10.3390/ma1303....
 
19.
Liew KM, He XQ, Ng TY, Sivashanker S. Active control of FGM plates subjected to a temperature gradient: modelling via finite element method based on FSDT. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. 2001;52(11):1253-1271.‏.
 
20.
Abd-Ali NK, Madeh AR. Structural analysis of functionally graded material using sigmioadal and power law. Diagnostyka. 2021;22(4):59-65. https://doi.org/10.29354/diag/....
 
21.
Abd-Ali NK, Madeh AR. Effect of fiber orientation angles on mechanical behavior of car bumper composite. Kufa Journal of Eng. 2016;7(3):27-37.
 
22.
Madeh AR. Majeed WI. Effect of boundary conditions on thermal buckling of laminated composite shallow shell. Materials Today: Proce. 2021;42:2397-2404.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matp....
 
23.
Abd-Ali NK, Madeh AR. Investigation of mechanical properties for unsaturated polyester-based fibre glass composites filled by recycled milled composites. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Eng. 2021;1:012129.‏ https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-8....
 
24.
Benyamina AB, Bouderba B, Saoula A. Bending response of composite material plates with specific properties, case of a typical FGM “ceramic/metal” in thermal environments. Periodica Polytechnica Civil Eng. 2018;62(4):930-938. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPci.1....
 
25.
Chen Y, Jin G. Zhang C, Ye T, Xue Y. Thermal vibration of FGM beams with general boundary conditions using a higher-order shear deformation theory. Composites Part B: Eng. 2018;153:376-386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comp....
 
26.
Reddy JN, Chin CD. Thermomechanical analysis of functionally graded cylinders and plates. Journal of thermal Stresses. 1988;21(6):593-626.‏.
 
27.
Evran S. Bending stress analysis of axially layered functionally graded beams. Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2018;7(1): 390 -398.
 
28.
Ashrafi HR, Beiranvand P, Aghaei MZ, Jalili DD. modal analysis of FGM olates (Sus304/Al2O3) using FEM. Bioceram Dev Appl. 2018;8(112):2.‏.
 
29.
Fatoni NF, Park WR, Kwon OH. Mechanical property evaluation of functionally graded materials using two-scale modeling. Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering. 2017;41(5):431-438.‏.
 
30.
Das S, Nampi T, Roy K. Functionally Grade Composite Material Production. ‏2021.
 
31.
Abd-Ali NK, Farhan MM, Hassan NY. Improvement of mechanical properties of the rubbery part in cement packing system using new rubber materials. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology. 2021;16(2): 1601–1613.
 
32.
Abd-Ali NK, The effect of cure activator zinc oxide nanoparticles on the mechanical behavior of polyisoprene rubber. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology. 2020;15(3):2051–2061.
 
33.
Abd-Ali, NK, A new reinforcement material for rubber compounds (Sediment dust nanoparticles and white ceminte). 1st International Scientific Conference of Engineering Sciences- 3rd Scientific Conference of Engineering Science, ISCES 2018 - Proceedings, 2018: 163–168.
 
34.
Farhan MM, Abd-Ali NK, Hassan NY. Development the performance of the rubbery discharge part in flexo-pump system. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2018;13(24):10148–10157.
 
eISSN:2449-5220