Magnetic pollution produced by underground XLPE 220 kV power cable in power plant
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Department of Electrical Engineering Laboratoire de Genie Electrique, Kasdi Merbah University, Ghardaia Road, P.O. Box 511, Ouargla 30000, Algeria
Department of automatic, APELEC laboratory Djilali Liabes University, Sidi Bel Abbes 22000 Algeria
Submission date: 2023-09-12
Final revision date: 2023-12-05
Acceptance date: 2023-12-19
Online publication date: 2023-12-21
Publication date: 2023-12-21
Corresponding author
Ayad Ahmed Nour El Islam   

Department of Electrical Engineering Laboratoire de Genie Electrique, Kasdi Merbah University, Ghardaia Road, P.O. Box 511, Ouargla 30000, Algeria
Diagnostyka 2024;25(1):2024104
The expansion of the electrical network necessitates the construction of new power plants and the extension of underground power transmission and distribution systems. However, underground power cables, such as XPLE 220 kV, can cause significant electromagnetic pollution. This paper focuses on the evaluation and prediction of such magnetic emissions using analytical, numerical simulation, and experimental measurement. The paper aim is to minimize the magnetic emissions through the adjustment of the horizontal and vertical distances (x, y) of cables, serving as a technical solution. Additionally, the study investigated the impact of faults with varying magnitude and frequency, considering different loads and conditions. The simulation results indicate that several factors contribute to the escalation of magnetic pollution. These factors include a close proximity between cables, faults, and high current intensities.... However, as the distance between cables increases both horizontally and vertically, the strength of the magnetic field decreases, leading to a reduction in magnetic pollution. A comparison was carried out to assess the magnetic emissions of the underground cable, revealing a notable resemblance between the measured and calculated values. Ultimately, the validated simulation model serves as a valuable tool for evaluating, predicting, and mitigating electromagnetic pollution under different fault conditions and positions.
The authors wish to express their gratitude to the Electric Gas Power Plant of Sonelgaz Society Company located at Hassi Messaoud Ouargla West for their invaluable assistance during the on-site experiment.
Our work is financed by the University of Kasdi Merbah and LAGE Laboratory of Ouargla Algeria.
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