Magnetic field evaluation around 400 KV underground power cable under harmonics effects
More details
Hide details
Kasdi Merbah University, Algeria
Cardiff University, UK
Taif , Saoudi Arabia
Houari Boudjella   

Kasdi Merbah University
Submission date: 2022-04-01
Final revision date: 2022-05-07
Acceptance date: 2022-05-16
Online publication date: 2022-05-17
Publication date: 2022-05-17
Diagnostyka 2022;23(2):2022209
Power lines or underground power cables generate electromagnetic interaction with other objects near to them. This study evaluates the magnetic field emitted by underground extra high voltage cables. The presented work aims to show a numerical simulation of the magnetic field of a buried 400 kV underground power line, which is used as a novel prototype in several countries at a short distance. The underground power cable study, in the presence of the current harmonics at different positions, with time variation by finite element resolution, using Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab software in two dimensions. The simulation results illustrate the magnetic flux density variation-in terms of amplitude and distribution as a function of different actual harmonics rates. The underground cable performance and magnetic field have affected by the harmonics effects. The maximum magnetic induction levels generated by significant harmonics are superior to the limits recommended by the international standard norms. In this paper, shielding has been used as an appropriate remedy to attenuate the magnetic field.
Dib D, Mordjaoui M. Study of the influence high-voltage power lines on environment and human health (case study: The electromagnetic pollution in Tebessa city, Algeria), Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 2014;2(1):1-8.
Guo Y, Wang T, Li D, Yang H, Huang H. The review of electromagnetic pollution in high voltage power systems, 3rd International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Informatics 2010; 1322-1326.
Muratovic R, Schmautzer E, Fickert L et al. Mutual inductive interference of 400 kV cable systems, Elektrotech. Inftech. Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik 2017; 134: 37-45.
Tourab W, Babouri A, Nemamcha M. Characterization of the electromagnetic environment at the vicinity of power lines, 21st International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED11 2011: 6-9.
Rezzag BI, Ayad ANEI, Larouci B, Boudjella H, Ayad A. Simulation of magnetic field pollution around in the human body in proximity of power line. The 1st International Symposium on Industrial Engineering Maintenance and Safety Oran IEMS'22, Algeria, March 5-6, 2022.
Pawełek R, Wasiak I, Jurek M. Measurements of voltage harmonics in 400 kV transmission network, Acta Energetica 2014; 19(2).
Kulkarni G, Gandhare WZ. Proximity effects of high voltage transmission lines on humans, ACEEE International Journal on Electrical and Power Engineering 2012; 3 (1): 28-32. 01.IJEPE.03.01.11.
Christou S. Thermal prognostic condition monitoring for MV cable systems, Ph.D thesis, University of Southampton, Faculty of Physical Sciences and Engineering. June 2016.
Sahin YG, Aras F. Investigation of harmonic effects on underground power cables, International Conference on Power Engineering, Energy and Electrical Drives 2007: 589-594.
Bravo-Rodriguez JC, Del-Pino-López JC, Cruz-Romero P. A survey on optimization techniques applied to magnetic field mitigation in power systems, Energies 2019; 12 (7): 1332.
European Commission (EC). 1999/519/EC Council recommendation of 12 July 1999 on the limitation of exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields (0 Hz to 300 GHz). Off. J. Eur. Communities 1999; 199: 59-70.
Stet M. Limits of exposure to electromagnetic fields-a review of standards and regulations. Carpathian Journal of Electrical Engineering 2019; 13(1): 77-92.
Ozen NIlS, Cakir M, Carlak HF. Shielding and mitigations of the magnetic fields generated by the underground power cables,” in PIERS Proceedings 2015: 1436-1439.
Souza Diogo SC et al. Experimental investigation of magnetic field shielding techniques and resulting current derating of underground power cables, IEEE Industry Appli Society Annual Meeting 2017: 1-7.
Gomes N, Almeida ME, Machado VM. Series impedance and losses of magnetic field mitigation plates for underground power cables. IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility 2018; 60 (6): 1761-1768.
Canova A, Freschi F, Giaccone L, Guerrisi A. The high magnetic coupling passive loop: A steady-state and transient analysis of the thermal behavior, Applied Thermal Engineering 2012; 37: 154-164.
Machado VM. FEM/BEM hybrid method for magnetic field evaluation due to underground power cables, IEEE Trans on Magnetics 2010; 46(8): 2876-2879.
Ates K, Carlak HF, Ozen S. Dosimetry analysis of the magnetic field of underground power cables and magnetic field mitigation using an electromagnetic shielding technique, International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics 2021: 1-11.
Almeida ME, Maló Machado V, Guerreiro das Neves M. Mitigation of the magnetic field due to underground power cables using an optimized grid, European Trans on Elect Power 2011; 21: 180-187.
Mohamed A, Zaini HG, Gouda OE, Ghoneim SSM. Mitigation of Magnetic Flux Density of Underground Power Cable and its Conductor Temperature Based on FEM, IEEE Access 2021; 9: 146592–146602.
Kucheriava IM. Magnetic field shielding of underground power cable line by H-shaped shield, Tekhnichna Elektrodynamika 2020; (6): 15-20.
Oclon P, Taler D, Cisek P, Pilarczyk M. Fem-based thermal analysis of underground power cables located in backfills made of different materials, Strength Mater 2015; 47: 770-780.
COMSOL Multiphysics, Reference Manual 1998-2019.
Rachidi F. Formulation of the field-to-transmission line coupling equations in terms of magnetic excitation field, IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility 1993; 35 (3): 404-407. 10.1109/15.277316.
Ayad ANEI, Krika W, Boudjella H, Horch A, Benhamida F. Simulation of the electromagnetic field in the vicinity of the overhead power transmission line, European Journal of Elect Engine 2019; 21 (1): 49-53.
Djekidel R, Bessedik SA. ASA Algorithm Combined with Current Simulation Method (CSM) for the Magnetic Induction under HV Power Lines in 3D Analysis Model, Advanced Electromagnetics 2020; 9 (2): 7-18.
Djekidel R, Bessedik SA, Mahi D, Hadjad C. Assessment of magnetic induction emission generated by an underground HV cable. U. P. B. Sci. Bull, Series C, 78(3), 2016, pp. 179-194.
Larson MG, Bengzon F. The finite element method: theory, implementation, and applications. Engineering. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: 71-111.
Wilcox DJ. Transient and harmonic induction in underground cable systems. University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), 1969.
Lilleholt LC. Technical issues related to new transmission lines in Denmark, West Coast Line from German border to Endrup and Endrup‐Idomlund, technical report of Energinet 2018, Doc. 18/04246‐24.
Swanson J. EMF Exposure Standards Applicable in Europe and Elsewhere. Environment & Society Working Group; Connecticut Siting Council: New Britain, CT, USA, 2006.
Stam R. Comparison of international policies on electromagnetic fields; power frequency and radiofrequency fields, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, Netherlands 2018.
ICNIRP Guidelines on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection and others; Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric and magnetic fields (1 Hz to 100 kHz), Health Physics 2010; 99 (6): 818-836.
Bailey WH, Bodemann R et al. Synopsis of IEEE Std C95.1™-2019 “IEEE Standard for Safety Levels With Respect to Human Exposure to Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields, 0 Hz to 300 GHz, IEEE Access 2019; 7: 171346-171356.
Patil KD, Gandhare WZ. Threat of harmonics to underground cables, in 2012 Students Conference on Engineering and Systems, 2012: 1–6.
Êvo MTA, de Paula H, Lopes IJS et al. Study of the Influence of Underground Power Line Shielding Techniques on Its Power Capability. Journal of Control Automation and Electrical Systems 2017; 28 (4): 541-551.
Del Pino-López JC, Cruz-Romero P. Magnetic field shielding of underground cable duct banks, Progress in Electromagnetics Research 2013; 138: 1-19.
Ghoneim SSM, Ahmed M, Sabiha NA. Transient thermal performance of power cable ascertained using finite element analysis, Processes 2021; 9 (3): 438.
Djekidel R, Bessedik S. A, Spiteri P, Mahi D. Passive mitigation for magnetic coupling between HV power line and aerial pipeline using PSO algorithms optimization, Electric Power Syst Research, 2018, 165: 18-26.