PL EN
Solid particle erosion in the sudden contraction of raw water pipeline
 
More details
Hide details
1
University of Baghdad - College of Engineering
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Karima E. Amori   

University of Baghdad - College of Engineering
Submission date: 2022-01-02
Final revision date: 2022-03-07
Acceptance date: 2022-03-07
Online publication date: 2022-03-08
 
Diagnostyka 2022;23(1):2022110
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The steady 3-D raw water turbulent flow is numerically investigated. This flow is formed of solid silica sand (quartz) carried by water in stainless steel pipe. The flow in a straight pipe and flow in a pipe with a sudden contraction are analyzed using a two-way coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian approach. Erosion rate is estimated by Oka erosion model combined with the constant coefficient of restitution. The effect of solid particles mass flow rate, inlet velocity, particle diameter, internal pipe diameter, orientation, contraction coefficient, and wall pipe contraction angle on erosion rate are examined. The predicted erosion is distributed homogenously for straight pipe, while the step wall area of the contraction is the most eroded part. The erosion rate increases with the increase of solid particles diameter, flow rate, inlet velocity, and decreasing pipe diameter. Iit is found that the erosion is limited till the particle diameter reaches 500 µm then it starts to increase. The erosion rate increases with decreasing contraction coefficient and step wall angle. When the step wall angle decreased to 300, the erosion rate is reduced by 30 times that for 900. So, decreasing step wall angle can be considered as a geometrical solution to reduce erosion rate.
 
REFERENCES (44)
1.
Abdulla A. Estimating erosion in oil and gas pipeline due to sand presence 2016. MSc thesis, Department of mechanical engineering, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden. urn:nbn:se:bth-6209.
 
2.
Al-Baghdadi MA, Resan KK, Al-Waily M. CFD investigation on the erosion severity in 3D flow elbow during crude oil contaminated sand transportation. Engineering and Technology 2017; 35 (9): 930-935.
 
3.
Al-Khayat RH, Al-Baghdadi MARS, Neama RA, Al-Waily M. Optimization CFD study of erosion in 3D elbow during transportation of crude oil contaminated with sand particles. Engineering and Technology 2018; 7(3): 1420-1428. http://dx.doi.org/10.14419/ije....
 
4.
ANSYS-FLUENT Theory Guide 15.0, Ansys, Inc, (2013). ANSYS Fluent Theory Guide - [PDF Document] (vdocuments.net). Ataiwi AH, Ayad KH, Ban AF, Al-Saadi. Erosion behavior of steel pipes carrying of some Iraqi crude oils; Engineering and Technology 2016; 34 (1) Part A: 85-95. Iraqi Academic Scientific Journals - IASJ.
 
5.
Clark. H. Mci. Particle velocity and size effects in laboratory slurry erosion measurements or . . . do you know what your particles are doing?. Tribology International 2002; 35 (10): 617-624. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-....
 
6.
Faeth GM. Spray atomization and combustion. Technical Report AIAA 1986; 86-0136: 1-17. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.1986....
 
7.
Finnie I. Erosion of surfaces by solid particles. Wear 1960; 3 (2): 87-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1....
 
8.
Finnie I. The mechanism of erosion of ductile metals. Proceedings of the Third National Congress on Applied Mechanics 1958; New York 527– 532.
 
9.
Gosman AD, Ioannides E. Aspects of computer simulation of liquid-fueled combustors. Journal of Energy 1983; 7 (6): 482-490. https://doi.org/10.2514/3.6268....
 
10.
Hutching I, Winter R. Particle erosion of ductile materials: a mechanism of material removal. Wear 1974; 27 (1):121-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1....
 
11.
Jafri M, Mansoori Z, Saffar Avval M, Ahmadi G. The effects of wall roughness on erosion rate in gas–solid turbulent annular pipe flow. Powder Technology 2015; 271: pp. 284-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
12.
Jha AK, Batham R, Ahmed M, Majumder AK, Modi OP, Chaturvedi S, Gupta AK. Effect of impinging angle and rotating speed on erosion behavior of aluminum. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China 2011; 21 (1): 32-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1003-....
 
13.
Johar ZM, Jadid, MSA. Zamberi, SNA. Shaffee CY. Wong, CB, Solnordal J. Boulanger. Experimental and CFD erosion modelling of large radius pipe elbows liquid. International Petroleum Technology Conference 2014. https://doi.org/10.2523/IPTC-1....
 
14.
Jordan KG. Erosion in multiphase production of oil & gas. NACE international 1998, San Diego, California.
 
15.
Kang R, Haixiao L. An integrated model of predicting sand erosion in elbows for multiphase flows. Powder Technology 2020; 366: 508-519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
16.
Kosinska A, Balakin BV, Kosinski P. Theoretical analysis of erosion in elbows due to flows with nano and micro size particles, Powder Technology 2020; 364: 484-493. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
17.
Levy AV. Solid particle erosion and erosion-corrosion of materials, ASM International 1995. Material Park. Ohio.
 
18.
Mackey ED, Thomas FS. Guidelines for using stainless steel in the water and desalination industries, Journal Awwa 2017; 109 (5): 158-169. https://doi.org/10.5942/jawwa.....
 
19.
Mansouri A. A combined CFD – experimental method for developing an erosion equation for both gas – sand and liquid – sand flow. Ph.D thesis. The University of Tulsa 2016, OK, USA. Sand Erosion Model Improvement for Elbows in Gas Production, Multiphase Annular and Low-Liquid Flow (utulsa.edu).
 
20.
Mazumdar Q, Nallamothu VT, Mazumder F. Comparison of characteristic particle velocities in solid-liquid multiphase flow in elbow. International Journal of Thermofluids 2020; 5-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijft....
 
21.
Mazumder. QH. CFD analysis of the effect of elbow radius on pressure drop in multiphase flow. Hindawi Publishing Corporation 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/1....
 
22.
Mazumder. QH. Effect of liquid and gas velocities on magnitude and location of maximum erosion in U-bend, Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics 2012; 2: pp. 29-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojfd....
 
23.
Meng HC, Ludema KC. Wear modela and predictive equations –their form and content. Wear 1995; 181-183 part 2: 443-457. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1....
 
24.
Morsi SA, Alexander AJ. An investigation of particle trajectories in two-phase flow system, Journal of Fluid Mechanics 1972; 55 (2): 193-208. https://doi.org/10.1017/S00221....
 
25.
Neilson JH, Gilchrist A. Erosion by steam of solid particles, Wear 1968; 11 (2): 111-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1....
 
26.
Oka YI, Okamura K, Yoshida T. Practical estimation of erosion damage caused by solid particle impact: Part1: Effects of impact parameters on a predictive equation, Wear 2005; 259 (1-6): 95-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear....
 
27.
Oka YI, Yoshida T. Practical estimation of erosion damage caused by solid particle impact: Part2: Mechanical properties of materials directly associated with erosion damage, Wear 2005, 259 (1-6): 102-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear....
 
28.
Parsi M, Najmi K, Najafifard F, Hassani S, Mclaury BS, Shirazi SA. A comprehensive review of solid particle erosion modeling for oil and gas wells and pipelines applications, Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 2014; 21: 850–873. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngs....
 
29.
Parsi. M, Netaji RK, Siamack AS, Brenton S. Effects of flow pattern and flow orientation on sand erosion in elbows for multiphase flow conditions, NACE International 2015.
 
30.
Patil MS, Eknath RD, Ramchandra SJ, Santosh VP. Study of the parameters affecting Erosion wear of ductile Material in solid-liquid mixture, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2011; 3.
 
31.
Peng W, Cao. X. Numerical simulation of solid particle erosion in pipe bends with liquid-solid flow. Powder Technology 2016; 294 :266-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
32.
Peng W, Cao X, Xu K, Fan Y, Xing S. Experiment and numerical simulation of sand particle erosion under slug flow condition in a horizontal pipe bend. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering2020; 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngs....
 
33.
Postlethwaite J, Nesic S. Erosion in disturbed liquid/particle pipe flow: Effects of flow geometry and particle surface roughness. Corrosion 1993; 49 (10): 850-857.
 
34.
Raghavendra HN, Shivashankar M, Prem AR. Simulation of erosion wear in choke valves using CFD. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology 2014; 3 (7). Simulation of Erosion Wear in Choke Valves using CFD (ijert.org).
 
35.
Sandeep CS, Senetakis K, Cheung D, Choi CE, Wang Y, Coop MR, Ng CW. Experimental study on the coefficient of restitution of grain against block interfaces for natural and engineered materials, Canadian Geotechnical Journal 2021; 58 (1). https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-20....
 
36.
Shaheed R, Mohammadian A, Gildeh HK. A comparison of standard k-ɛ and realizable k-ɛ turbulence model in curved and confluent channels, Environmental Fluid Mechanics 2019; 19: 543-568.
 
37.
Shamshirband. S, Amir M, Arash K, Marjan G, Masoud A, Dalibor P, Mahidzal D, Naghmeh M. Performance investigation of micro and nano sized particle erosion in a 90° elbow using an ANFIS model. Powder Technology 2015; 284: 336-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
38.
Tebowei R. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling for critical velocity for sand transport flow regimes in multiphase pipe bends. PhD thesis 2016, Robert Gordon University, United Kingdome. http://hdl.handle.net/10059/21....
 
39.
Veritas DV. Recommended particle, Erosion wear of piping system. DNV RPO. 501. 2007. DNV-RP-O501 Erosive Wear in Piping Systems.
 
40.
Vieira R, Parsi M, Zahedic P, McLauryc BS, Shirazi SA. Electrical resistance probe measurements of solid particle erosion in multiphase annular flow. Wear 2017; 382-383: pp. 15-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear....
 
41.
Wang. K, Xiufeng L, Yueshe W, Renyang H. Numerical investigation of erosion behavior in elbows of petroleum pipelines. Powder Technology 2017; 314: 490-499. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
42.
Yousif I. F, Ali HA. Construction of slurry jet erosion tester and effect of particle size on slurry erosion. Kufa Journal of Engineering 2017; 9 (3): 17-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.30572/201....
 
43.
Zhang G, Yi FZ, Qi L, Yi L, Zhe L. Experimental study on the two-phase flow of gas-particles through a model brake valve, Power Technology 2020; 367: 172-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
eISSN:2449-5220