Efficiency improvement of forest machinery exploitation
 
More details
Hide details
1
Yakut State Agricultural Academy
2
Ukhta State Technical University
3
Ural State Forestry University
4
Saint-Petersburg State University Architecture and Civil Engineering
5
Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "Petrozavodsk State University"
6
Don State Agrarian University
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Igor Grigorev   

Yakut State Agricultural Academy
Submission date: 2020-03-05
Final revision date: 2020-05-15
Acceptance date: 2020-05-25
Online publication date: 2020-05-26
Publication date: 2020-05-26
 
Diagnostyka 2020;21(2):95–109
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this work was to develop a model of the interaction process between the wheeled forwarder and the soil of the cutting area, which allows evaluating the influence of soil conditions, the parameters of the wheeled forwarder, as well as load and number of cycles of its application, on the indicators of resistance and adhesion of the forwarder to the traction surface. Modeling results for 3- and 4-axle forest machines with different load levels showed that for different soil categories, types of bodies, and tire sizes. The results of the approximation analysis enabled the derive of calculation formulas for estimating the propulsive coefficient and rut depth after the first passage depending on the values of load-bearing capacity, body load coefficient, wheel width, and soil deformation module. The proposed model can be used at laying down the skidding roads and its optimization not only in economic terms but also with respect to the environment as intensive harvesting operations lead to extensive soil destructions. The practical application of the results is expressed in increased performance capacities of wood skidding operations and minimization of costs for restoring the productivity of forest area.
 
REFERENCES (44)
1.
Jamshidi R, Jaeger D, Raafatnia N, Tabari M. Influence of two ground-based skidding systems on soil compaction under different slope and gradient conditions. International journal of forest engineering, 2008; 19: 9-16.
 
2.
Varol T, Emir T, Akgul M, Ozel HB, Acar HH, Cetin M. Impacts of Small-Scale Mechanized Logging Equipment on Soil Compaction in Forests. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2020; 1: 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729....
 
3.
Cambi M, Hoshika Y, Mariotti B, Paoletti E, Picchio R, Venanzi R, Marchi E. Compaction by a forest machine affects soil quality and Quercus robur L. seedling performance in an experimental field. Forest Ecology and Management. 2017; 384: 406-414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fore....
 
4.
Uskov V, Bulat P, Arkhipova L. Classification of gas-dynamic discontinuities and their interference problems. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 2014. 8(22): 2248-2254.
 
5.
Toivio J, Helmisaari HS, Palviainen M, Lindeman H, Ala-Ilomäki J, Sirén M, Uusitalo J. Impacts of timber forwarding on physical properties of forest soils in southern Finland. Forest ecology and management. 2017; 405: 22-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fore....
 
6.
Cambi M, Certini G, Neri F, Marchi E. The impact of heavy traffic on forest soils: A review. Forest ecology and management. 2015; 338: 124-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fore....
 
7.
Parkhurst BM, Aust WM, Bolding MC, Barrett SM, Carter EA. Soil response to skidder trafficking and slash application. International journal of forest engineering. 2018; 29: 31-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/149421....
 
8.
McFero Grace J, Skaggs RW, Cassel DK. Soil physical changes associated with forest harvesting operations on an organic soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2006; 70: 503-509.
 
9.
Han SK, Lee KC, Oh JH, Mun HS, Lee ST, Choi YS, Choi BK. Characteristics of Soil Disturbance Caused by Passages of Harvester and Forwarder in Cut-to-Length Harvesting Operations. Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science. 2019; 108: 67-76. https://doi.org/10.14578/jkfs.....
 
10.
Lyakhov SV, Budalin SV. Development of Hardware and Software Complex for Increase of Technical Readiness Transport-Technological Machines in Forestry. In International Conference on Industrial Engineering (pp. 667-678). Springer, Cham; 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-....
 
11.
Egorova TP, Delakhova AM. Improved system of adaptation of motor transport for operation in extremely low-temperature areas. In International Conference" Aviamechanical engineering and transport"(AVENT 2018). Atlantis Press; 2018. https://doi.org/10.2991/avent-....
 
12.
Bouchard M, D’Amours S, Rönnqvist M, Azouzi R, Gunn E. Integrated optimization of strategic and tactical planning decisions in forestry. European Journal of Operational Research. 2017; 259(3): 1132-1143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor....
 
13.
Pulido-Moncada M, Munkholm LJ, Schjønning P. Wheel load, repeated wheeling, and traction effects on subsoil compaction in northern Europe. Soil and Tillage Research. 2019; 186: 300-309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stil....
 
14.
Walz J, Knoblauch C, Böhme L, Pfeiffer EM. Regulation of soil organic matter decomposition in permafrost-affected Siberian tundra soils-Impact of oxygen availability, freezing and thawing, temperature, and labile organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2017; 110: 34-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soil....
 
15.
Rudov SE, Shapiro VY, Grigor’eva OI, Grigor’ev IV, Kunitskaya OA. Features of Contact Interaction between the Skidding System and Frozen Soils. Lesnoy Zhurnal (Forestry Journal). 2019; 1: 106-119.
 
16.
Rudov SE, Grigorev IV, Kunitskaya OA, Druzyanova VP, Pekhutov AS, Ivanov AP, Ivanov AK, Okhlopkova MK, Pankov VYu, Borovikov RG. Specific features of accounting of state of the massive of the frozen soil grounds under cyclic loads. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science. 2019; 25: 191-205.
 
17.
Rudov SE, Voronova AM, Chemshikova JM, Teterevleva EV, Kruchinin IN, Dondokov YuZh, Khaldeeva MN, Burtseva IA, Danilov VV, Grigorev IV. Theoretical approaches to logging trail network planning: increasing efficiency of forest machines and reducing their negative impact on soil and terrain. Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution. 2019; 16: 61-75. https://doi.org/10.3233/AJW190....
 
18.
Rudov SE, Grigorev IV, Kunitskaya OA, Ivanov NA, Kremleva LV, Myuller OD, Gerts EF, Chemshikova YuM, Teterevleva EV, Knyazev AV. Method of variational calculation of influence of the propulsion plants of forestry machines upon the frozen and thawing soil grounds. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology. 2019; 28: 179-197.
 
19.
Rudov S, Shapiro V, Grigorev I, Kunitskaya O, Druzyanova V, Kokieva G, Filatov A, Sleptsova M, Bondarenko A, Radnaed D. Specific features of influence of propulsion plants of the wheel-tyre tractors upon the cryomorphic soils, soils, and soil grounds. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. 2019; 10: 2052-2071.
 
20.
Grigorev MF, Grigoreva AI, Grigorev IV, Kunitskaya OA, Stepanova DI, Savvinova MS, Sidorov MN, Tomashevskaya EP, Burtseva IA, Zakharova OI. Experimental findings in forest soil mechanics. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences. 2018; 12: 277-287.
 
21.
Ivanov VA, Grigorev IV, Gasparyan GD, Manukovsky AY, Zhuk AYu, Kunitskaya O.A., Grigoreva O.I. Environment-friendly logging in the context of water logged soil and knob-and-ridge terrain. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research and Developments. 2018; 41: 22-27.
 
22.
Manukovsky AY, Grigorev IV, Ivanov VA, Gasparyan GD, Lapshina ML, Makarova YuA, Chetverikova IV, Yakovlev KA, Afonichev DN, Kunitskaya OA. Increasing the logging road efficiency by reducing the intensity of rutting: mathematical modeling. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research and Developments. 2018; 41: 35-41.
 
23.
Bulat PV, Chernyshev MV. Existence regions of shock wave triple configurations. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2016; 11(11): 4844-4854.
 
24.
Frederick JM, Thomas MA, Bull DL, Jones CA, Roberts JD. The Arctic coastal erosion problem. Sandia Nat. Lab., Albuquerque, NM, USA, Tech. Rep. SAND2016-9762; 2016.
 
25.
Hitomi K. Manufacturing systems engineering: a unified approach to manufacturing technology, production management and industrial economics. Routledge; 2017.
 
26.
Khitrov EG, Andronov AV. Bearing floatation of forest machines (theoretical calculation). In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 695, No. 1, p. 012020). IOP Publishing; 2019.
 
27.
Ivanov V, Stepanishcheva M, Khitrov E, Iliushenko D. Theoretical model for evaluation of tractive performance of forestry machine's wheel. International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: SGEM: Surveying Geology & mining Ecology Management. 2018; 18: 997-1003.
 
28.
Papunin AV, Belyakov VV, Makarov VS. The study of the profile passability all-terrain vehicles with a wheel formula 6x6 full mass 0.3, 0.75, 2 tons. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 709, No. 4, p. 044029). IOP Publishing; 2020.
 
29.
Larin VV. Methods for predicting the traction capacity of multi-axle wheeled vehicles: Abstract of Thesis for Doctor of Technical Sciences. Moscow; 2007.
 
30.
Volskaia VN, Zhileykin MM, Zakharov AY. Mathematical model of rolling an elastic wheel over deformable support base. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 315, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing; 2018.
 
31.
Abbas D, Handler RM. Life-cycle assessment of forest harvesting and transportation operations in Tennessee. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2018; 176: 512-520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcle....
 
32.
Kogler C, Rauch P. Discrete event simulation of multimodal and unimodal transportation in the wood supply chain: a literature review. Silva Fenn. 2018; 52(4): 29. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.99....
 
33.
Cambi M, Giannetti F, Bottalico F, Travaglini D, Nordfjell T, Chirici G, Marchi E. Estimating machine impact on strip roads via close-range photogrammetry and soil parameters: a case study in central Italy. iForest-Biogeosciences and Forestry. 2018; 11(1): 148. https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor25....
 
34.
Lurie KA, Cherkaev AV. Effective Characteristics of Composite Materials and the Optimal Design of Structural Elements. In Topics in the mathematical modelling of composite materials (pp. 175-271). Birkhäuser, Cham; 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-....
 
35.
Janulevičius A, Gurevičius P. Impact of the inflation pressure of the tires on lead of front drive wheels and movement resistance force of tractors. Transport. 2019; 34: 628-638. https://doi.org/10.3846/transp....
 
36.
Abele S. Diagnostic problem-solving process in professional contexts: Theory and empirical investigation in the context of car mechatronics using computer-generated log-files. Vocations and Learning. 2018; 11: 133-159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12186....
 
37.
Saarilahti M. Development of a protocol for ecoefficient wood harvesting on sensitive sites (ECOWOOD). Dynamic terrain classification. University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Resource Management; 2002.
 
38.
Agathokleous E, Saitanis CJ, Wang X, Watanabe M, Koike T. A review study on past 40 years of research on effects of tropospheric O 3 on belowground structure, functioning, and processes of trees: a linkage with potential ecological implications. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 2016; 227(1): 33. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270....
 
39.
Han SK, Han HS, Page-Dumroese DS, Johnson LR. Soil compaction associated with cut-to-length and whole-tree harvesting of a coniferous forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 2009; 39: 976-989.
 
40.
Wallbrink PJ, Roddy BP, Olley JM. A tracer budget quantifying soil redistribution on hillslopes after forest harvesting. Catena. 2002; 47: 179-201.
 
41.
Cambi M, Grigolato S, Neri F, Picchio R, Marchi E. Effects of forwarder operation on soil physical characteristics: a case study in the Italian alps. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering: Journal for Theory and Application of Forestry Engineering. 2016; 37: 233-239.
 
42.
Gondard H, Romane F, Aronson J, Shater Z. Impact of soil surface disturbances on functional group diversity after clear-cutting in Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) forests in southern France. Forest Ecology and Management. 2003; 180: 165-174.
 
43.
Solgi A, Naghdi R, Tsioras PA, Ilstedt U, Salehi A, Nikooy M. Combined Effects of Skidding Direction, Skid Trail Slope and Traffic Frequency on Soil Disturbance in North Mountainous Forest of Iran. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering: Journal for Theory and Application of Forestry Engineering. 2017; 38: 97-106.
 
44.
Deconchat M. Effects of logging techniques on the soil surface. Annals of Forest Sciences. 2001; 58: 653-661.
 
eISSN:2449-5220
ISSN:1641-6414