Energy and environmental performance analysis of grid-connected photovoltaic systems under similar outdoor conditions in the Saharan environment
Ahmed Hafaifa 2  
,  
Ali Tahri 3  
,  
Kamal Mohammedi 1  
,  
Fatima Tahri 3  
 
 
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1
URMPE/ MESO, M. Bougara University, Boumerdès-35000 Algeria
2
LAADI, ZianeAchour University, Djelfa-17000 Algeria
3
Electrical Engineering Faculty of the University of Science and Technology of Oran, Mohamed Boudiaf USTO-MB, BP 1505 El M’naouer, Oran, 31000, Algeria.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mohammed Amine Deriche   

URMPE/ MESO, M. Bougara University, Boumerdès-35000 Algeria
Online publication date: 2020-05-06
Publication date: 2020-05-06
Submission date: 2020-02-18
Final revision date: 2020-05-02
Acceptance date: 2020-05-05
 
Diagnostyka 2020;21(2):13–23
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper is to present a one-year performance analysis of four grid-connected PV systems installed at Ghardaia city in Algeria’s Sahara. The PV systems are based on four different PV module technologies which are: monocrystalline silicon (m-Si), multi-crystalline silicon (mc-Si), cadmium telluride (Cd-Te) and amorphous (a-Si) PV module technologies. The thin film technologies have their performance ratio better throughout the year when the performance ratio of the mc-Si technology is better in the winter season. The a-Si PV system has its performance ratio about 6.13 % more better than mc-Si and 8.90 % better than m-Si. It was found that the a-Si PV system performs better than the other technologies under the Saharan climate conditions of Ghardaia city. The energy payback time (EPBT) and greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions of the different PV systems were analysed. The EPBT and GHG emissions per year, vary from a minimum value of 2.8 years to a maximum value of 5.73 years and from 13.24 tons to 32.03 tons of CO2/kWh for CdTe and m-Si respectively. The CdTe PV system performs better in terms of EPBT and GHG emissions compared to the other technologies due to its low life cycle energy requirement.
 
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