A review of the design and control using computational fluid dynamics of gasoline direct injection engines
More details
Hide details
Vocational Education Department, Ministry of Education, Babel, Iraq
Department of Petroleum Technology, Koya Technical Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, 44001 Erbil, Iraq
Submission date: 2022-04-29
Final revision date: 2022-08-12
Acceptance date: 2022-08-30
Online publication date: 2022-09-01
Publication date: 2022-09-01
Corresponding author
Barhm Mohamad   

Department of Petroleum Technology, Koya Technical Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, 44001 Erbil, Iraq
Diagnostyka 2022;23(3):2022306
This paper explores the role of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling technique in the design, regulation, and production of the gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine combustion system through literature reviews. It begins with a brief analysis of injector technologies and the effect of spray characteristics on the optimization of the combustion system. The key challenges of optimizing a homogeneous-charge GDI combustion system are the enhancement of volumetric performance and homogeneity of fuel-air mixing with reduced wetting of surface fuel and the improvement of power output. Most of the calculations focused on dynamic mesh strategy to manage moving geometry varied from case to case. The techniques of the methods varied. During the opening event of a GDI gasoline-injector for automotive applications, the findings of the literature indicate the primary fuel atomization.
Lucchini T, Fiocco M, Onorati A, Montanaro A, Allocca L, Sementa P, Vaglieco BM, Catapano F. Full-cycle CFD modeling of air/fuel mixing process in an optically accessible GDI engine. SAE International Journal of Engines. 2013; 6(3):1610–1625, https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-2....
Kuwahara K, Ueda K, Ando H. Mixing control strategy for engine performance improvement in a gasoline direct injection engine. SAE Paper. 1998: 980158. https://doi.org/10.4271/980158.
Bozza F, Torella E. The employment of a 1D simulation model for the A/F ratio control in a VVT Engine. SAE Trans J Eng. 2003;v3, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-0....
Montenegro G, Della Torre A, Cerri T, Onorati A, Nocivelli L, Fiocco M. 1D-3D coupled simulation of the fuel spray propagation inside the air-box of a moto3 motorbike: Analysis of spray targeting and injection timing. SAE Technical Paper-2017-01-0520. https://doi.org/10.4271/2017-0....
Giussani F, Montorfano A, Piscaglia F, Onorati A, Hélie J, Aithal SM. Dynamic VOF modelling of the internal flow in GDI fuel injectors. Energy Procedia. 2016;101:574-581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyp....
Stockar S, Canova M, Guezennec Y, Torre A D, Montenegro G, Onorati A. Modeling wave action effects in internal combustion engine air path systems: Comparison of numerical and system dynamics approaches. International Journal of Engine Research, 2013;14(4):391–408. https://doi.org/10.1177/146808....
Montenegro G, Della Torre A, Onorati A, Fairbrother R, Dolinar A. Development and application of 3D generic cells to the acoustic modelling of exhaust systems. SAE technical paper. 2011.
Winterbone D, Pearson R. Theory of engine manifold design: wave action methods for IC engines. John Wiley & Sons Inc. 2005.
Yuh-Yih Wu, Bo-Chiuan Chen, Hsien-Chi Tsai, Anh-Trung Tran, Shou-Chih Hsiao. Design and control of semi-direct injection spark ignition engine fuelled by LPG. Energy Procedia. 2014;61:850–853, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyp....
Pei Y, Pal P, Zhang Y, Traver M, Cleary D, Futterer C, Brenner M, Probst D, Som S. CFD-Guided Combustion System Optimization of a Gasoline Range Fuel in a Heavy-Duty Compression Ignition Engine Using Automatic Piston Geometry Generation and a Supercomputer. SAE Technical Paper, 2019-01-0001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-0....
Costa M, Sorge U and Allocca L. CFD optimization for GDI spray model tuning and enhancement of engine performance. Advances in Engineering Software. 2019;49:43–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adve....
J Yi. Design and optimization of gasoline direct injection engines using computational fluid dynamics. Advanced Direct Injection Combustion Engine Technologies and Development Gasoline and Gas Engines. 2014:166-198. https://doi.org/10.1533/978184....
Rotondi R, Bella G. Gasoline direct injection spray simulation. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 2006;45:168–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijth....
Alkidas AC. Combustion advancements in gasoline engines. Energy Conversion and Management. 2007;48:2751–2761. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enco....
Preussner C, Doring C, Fehler S. Kampmann S. GDI: Interaction between mixture preparation, combustion system and injector performance. SAE Paper NO. 980498. https://doi.org/10.4271/980498.
Drake, MC, Haworth DC. Advanced gasoline engine development using optical diagnostics and numerical modeling. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 2007;31:99–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proc....
Hentschel W. Optical diagnostics for combustion process development of direct-injection gasoline engines. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 2000;28:1119–1135. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0082-....
Chincholkar SP. Suryawanshi JG. Gasoline Direct Injection, an Efficient Technology, 5th International Conference on Advances in Energy Research, ICAER 2015, Mumbai, India, Energy Procedia. 2015;90:666 – 672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyp....
Mohamad B, Karoly J, Zelentsov A. CFD modelling of formula student car intake system. Facta Universitatis Series: Mechanical Engineering. 2020; 18(1):153-163. https://doi.org/10.22190/FUME1....
Mohamad B, Karoly J, Zelentsov A. Investigation and optimization of the acoustic performance of formula student race car intake system using coupled modelling techniques. Design of Machines and Structures. 2019;9(1):13–23. https://doi.org/10.32972.dms.2....
Mohamad B, Szepesi G, Bollo B. Combustion Optimization in Spark Ignition Emgines, MultiScience - XXXI. microCAD International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference, University of Miskolc, Hungary. 2017. https://doi.org/10.26649/musci....
Cheolwoong P, Sungdae K, Hongsuk K, Moriyoshi Y. Stratified lean combustion characteristics of a spray-guided combustion system in a gasoline direct injection engine. Energy. 2012;4(1) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ener....
Lucchini T, Errico G D, Onorati A, Bonandrini G, Venturoli L, Gioia RD. Development and application of a computational fluid dynamics methodology to predict fuel–air mixing and sources of soot formation in gasoline direct injection engines. International Journal of Engine Research. 2013;15(5):581–596, https://doi.org/10.1177/146808....
Sens M, Maass J, Wirths S, Marohn R. Effects of highly-heated fuel and/or high injection pressures on the spray formation of gasoline direct injection injectors. Fuel Systems for IC Engines. 2012; 215-238. https://doi.org/10.1533/978085....
Merkisz J, Pielecha I, Łegowik A. The Assessment of Autoignition of Modified Jet Fuels. Energies. 2021;14: 633. https://doi.org/10.3390/en1403....
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top